Traits of Golden Retrievers
A popular family and show dog, the Golden Retriever is a medium-sized breed. With roots in Scotland that go back to the late 1800’s, Golden Retrievers were historically used by wildfowl hunters to retrieve waterfowl such as ducks and upland game birds. They were named ‘retriever’ because of their ability to retrieve game undamaged. Early retrievers were crossed with water spaniels, giving rise to today’s Golden Retriever.
It is no surprise that Golden Retrievers exhibit an instinctive love of water. A dense inner coat provides plenty of warmth and a water repellent outer coat lies flat against their body.
Goldens adapt well to suburban or country environments. They require substantial outdoor exercise, but should be kept in a fenced area because of their instincts as hunting dogs and tendency to roam.
Male average 65-90 lbs (29 to 41 kg)
Female average 60-70 lbs (27 to 32 kg)
Male 23-24” (58-61 cm)
Female 21.5 - 22.5” (55-57 cm)
Beautiful, softly plumed coat, straight or moderately wavy
Shades of white/cream and golden to dark red
Average 10-12 years
Canadian Golden Retrievers are usually taller and leaner than British Goldens. Canadian retrievers differ in density and colour of coat – commonly thinner and darker than those of American retrievers.
An American Golden Retriever is lankier and less stocky than a British retriever. A dense, water-repellent coat has several shades of lustrous gold and moderate feathering.
Variations exist between the British Golden Retrievers prevalent throughout Europe and Australia, and those of American lines – reflected in the breed standard. The British retriever has a wider and shorter muzzle, and its forehead is blockier. It has shorter legs and tail and a slightly deeper chest, making it generally heavier than American and Canadian retrievers.